Do you want to know what to do in the garden and allotment in October? Here we have listed all the October Garden Jobs that need doing.
October Garden Jobs and Allotment Tasks

October Garden Jobs and Allotment Tasks

Introduction: September’s Transition – Nurturing Gardens and Allotments into Autumn’s Embrace

As the sun-kissed days of summer gradually yield to the subtle hints of autumn, September marks a transition in the garden and allotment, inviting cultivators to pivot from the exuberance of harvest to the thoughtful preparations for the cooler months ahead. In this month of shifting seasons, the diligent gardener and allotment steward navigate a delicate balance between celebrating the lingering abundance and laying the groundwork for a resilient garden in the coming months.

September unfolds as a time of reflection and action, where the bountiful yields of summer continue to grace the soil, and the promise of a new season prompts preparations for autumnal crops and winter-ready beds. The landscape transforms, presenting a palette of colors that mirror the changing foliage and signal the inevitable shift in nature’s rhythm.

Join us in this introduction as we explore the nuanced tasks and considerations for gardening and allotments in September. From the last hurrah of summer harvests to the strategic planning for autumn planting, September invites both seasoned gardeners and those cultivating allotments to embrace the evolving beauty of the landscape and embark on the preparations that will carry the essence of the growing season into the next chapter of the gardening journey.

Well, it’s now October and the summer has disappeared. We are now in Autumn. There will not be much growth in the garden and allotment this month so it’s important to start clearing down the garden and allotment. Now is a perfect time to start preparing it for next year. The weather can still be warm so it’s ideal to get it all done before the cold, frost and snow comes. Find out your October Garden jobs here.

You can find out what to sow and grow in October in our useful gardening guide here.

Allotment and Kitchen Garden Book

Are you starting an allotment or planning on growing your own fruit, vegetables, herbs, and flowers in a kitchen garden? If so we highly recommend the book Allotment Month By Month. This does exactly what it does on the cover to help you with what you should be doing in the allotment and kitchen garden each month. Below you can see the link for Amazon where you can purchase the book directly. This book is extremely popular with all allotment holders as you will read in the reviews:-

You can check out all the allotment and kitchen garden books we recommend here.

October Vegetable Garden Jobs

Introduction: October’s Garden Encore – Harvesting Autumn’s Last Gifts and Planting New Beginnings

In the mellowness of October, the vegetable garden embraces a poignant encore—a final act that celebrates the lingering warmth of autumn and ushers in the promise of a new gardening cycle. Cultivators, their hands seasoned by the richness of summer’s harvest, navigate the garden’s tapestry with both gratitude for past abundance and anticipation for the seasons to come. In this month of transition, where colors change and temperatures cool, seasoned gardeners and newcomers alike find themselves orchestrating a delicate balance between the farewell to summer’s bounty and the preparations for a winter garden.

October marks the twilight of the growing season, where the garden’s foliage transforms into a canvas of russet and gold. Cultivators, with baskets in hand, gather the last gifts of autumn—pumpkins, squashes, and hearty greens. Simultaneously, October invites gardeners to sow the seeds of new beginnings, planting cool-season crops and nurturing the soil for a resilient garden in the months ahead.

Join us in this introduction as we embark on the gardening encore of October—a time of reflection, gratitude, and the subtle anticipation of what lies beyond. From harvesting the final tomatoes to sowing the seeds of winter greens, October invites cultivators to dance with the changing rhythms of the garden. As the curtain falls on summer’s vibrancy, October becomes a chapter of transition—a gentle yet significant bridge between the seasons in the gardener’s perennial journey.

Summer may have gone and autumn is here but there are still lots of jobs to do in the kitchen garden and allotment this month. It’s a great time to prepare before the cold months come and get it ready for next year. Here you can find out all the allotment jobs for October.

  • Asparagus – This can be cut back now. Cut the stems to about 6cm tall.
  • Beans – Harvest the beans that you have left on. Cut the plants off at the base and leave the roots in the ground. Like peas, they add nitrogen back into the soil.
  • Cauliflowers – Protect them from winter frosts by covering them with a cloche.
  • Peas – Harvest the last of your peas this month. Cut them off at the roots and leave the roots in the ground as this adds nitrogen back into the soil
  • Pepper Plants – Take any ripe peppers off the plant. If you have any unripe peppers you can hang them upside down in the greenhouse to ripen.
  • Pumpkins – Harvest these this month. Store them ready for Halloween. These need picking before the first frost as it will make them rot.
  • Tomato plants – Take off any ripe tomatoes from the plants then hang them upside down in the greenhouse to ripen. You could always make green tomato chutney.

October Fruit Garden Jobs

Introduction: October’s Orchard Serenade – Harvesting Autumn’s Last Gifts and Tending to Winter’s Slumber

As October unfurls its tapestry of russet and gold, the orchard becomes a stage for nature’s serenade—a symphony that harmonizes the last melodies of autumn with the gentle notes of winter’s impending slumber. Orchard keepers, their hands now acquainted with the cycle of growth and rest, step into a landscape adorned with the hues of the changing seasons. In this month of transition, both seasoned cultivators and those new to the orchard find themselves enveloped in the serenade—a harmonious culmination of autumn’s bounty and thoughtful preparations for winter’s repose.

October is a season of poetic beauty—a time when the orchard bows gracefully to the passage of time. The air carries the whispers of falling leaves, and the branches, once heavy with fruits, now stand as stark silhouettes against the autumnal sky. It’s a month that invites orchard keepers to conclude the harvest, tend to the remaining trees, and gently guide the orchard into a state of dormancy.

Join us in this introduction as we delve into the orchard serenade of October—a month of gathering the last fruits, preparing for winter, and acknowledging the subtle yet profound transitions in the orchard’s rhythm. From the rustle of fallen leaves to the final steps of winterization, October invites orchard keepers to be both poets and caretakers of the orchard’s ever-evolving story. As the orchard bids farewell to the crescendo of harvest, October becomes a poignant chapter—a serenade to the gardener’s journey, where the richness of autumn’s gifts lingers, and the promise of renewal stirs beneath the leaves.

October is quite an important month in the fruit garden. You will be harvesting the rest of your apples and pears this month. You will be getting your fruit trees ready for the dormant seasons. Next month will be when we start pruning them.

  • Apples:- Pick the rest of your apples this month. To see if they are ready to pick put them in your hand and gently twist if they come off they are ready but if they don’t do not pick yet.
  • Apple Tree:- Put a fruit grease band around the trunks of apple trees this will prevent winter months as the caterpillars will eat all your spring flowers.
  • Fruit Cages:- Take off any netting this month. This will stop it from getting damaged from snow. It also lets the birds in and eat any insects that could be laying eggs through winter.
  • Fruit Trees:- Paint a winter wash on the trunks of all your fruit trees this will stop any winter pests hiding on the tree.
  • Raspberries:- Summer and autumn raspberries can be cut back this month. Autumn raspberries can be cut to the ground level but only cut back the summer raspberry canes that have fruit on them. Do not cut back on this year’s new canes.
  • Rhubarb:- Now is the time to split any rhubarb plants that are too crowded together. You can divide any and keep the healthiest pieces. Replant straight away.
  • Strawberry Plants:- Now is the time to plant any new strawberry runners or new plants. This will give them that head starts to growing delicious fruits for next year.

October Flower Garden Jobs

Introduction: October’s Garden Palette – Embracing the Rich Tapestry of Autumn Blooms

As October unfolds with the crisp embrace of autumn, the flower garden metamorphoses into a canvas of rich hues, where blooms echo the vibrant farewell of the growing season. Gardeners, their hands attuned to the changing foliage, step into a landscape adorned with blossoms that resonate with the warmth of fall—a living palette where each petal contributes to the tapestry of autumnal beauty. In this month of transformation and reflection, both seasoned horticulturists and those tending to their first garden find themselves immersed in the captivating palette of October’s floral abundance.

October is a garden palette—a time when the blooms, though embracing their final act, radiate an unparalleled brilliance, and the garden transitions into the golden embrace of autumn. It’s a month that invites gardeners to savor the rich colors, to appreciate the enduring beauty, and to engage in the meticulous care that ensures a graceful passage into winter’s rest.

Join us in this introduction as we explore the garden palette of October—a month of tender care, artistic expression, and the harmonious collaboration between gardener and garden. From preserving the final blossoms to envisioning the nuanced landscape of autumn, October invites gardeners to be both stewards and artists amidst the evolving floral canvas. As the garden dons the vibrant cloak of fall, October becomes a chapter of reflection—an ode to the enduring beauty of each bloom and the serenity of nature’s ever-changing masterpiece.

October is about preparing the beds and clearing away any old plants ready for Spring. You can plant your bulbs this month. Check out our guide on what you can plant here.

  • Begonia – Lift the tubers this month and store them in a dry shed until next year.
  • Dahlia -Lift Dahlia tubers and store them in a dry place ready to plant next year.
  • Gladioli – Cut back gladioli and dig up the corns and keep them dry ready for next years planting.
  • Hedges – Now is an ideal time to plant new hedges.
  • Perennials – Cut back any old foliage.
  • Roses – Prune roses back for the winter. Clear away any old leaves as this can cause diseases.

Top 10 Questions and Answers for Gardening and Allotment Jobs in October

  1. Question: What fall vegetables can I continue planting in October?
  • Answer: In October, you can plant cool-season crops like garlic, onions, carrots, and beets. Be mindful of your local frost dates for optimal planting times.
  1. Question: How should I prepare my garden for winter in October?
  • Answer: Clean up garden debris, mulch around plants to protect roots, and consider covering tender plants on frosty nights. It’s also a good time to apply a winter fertilizer.
  1. Question: Can I still harvest vegetables in October?
  • Answer: Absolutely, many vegetables continue to be harvestable in October, including pumpkins, winter squash, Brussels sprouts, and certain root vegetables.
  1. Question: Is October a suitable time to plant spring-flowering bulbs?
  • Answer: Yes, October is an ideal time to plant spring-flowering bulbs like tulips, daffodils, and crocuses. Ensure they are planted at the recommended depth.
  1. Question: How can I protect my garden from early frosts in October?
  • Answer: Cover sensitive plants with frost blankets or old bed sheets on chilly nights. Watering the soil beforehand can also provide some insulation.
  1. Question: Can I start a compost pile in October?
  • Answer: Yes, October is a suitable time to start a compost pile. Ensure a good mix of green and brown materials, and turn the compost regularly for efficient decomposition.
  1. Question: Should I prune my perennials in October?
  • Answer: Yes, you can prune back spent foliage on many perennials in October. Leave some sturdy stems for winter interest and habitat for beneficial insects.
  1. Question: How can I protect my garden from winter pests in October?
  • Answer: Inspect plants for signs of pests and take preventive measures. Apply dormant oil to fruit trees to control overwintering pests like scale insects.
  1. Question: What can I do to enrich my soil in October?
  • Answer: Add compost or well-rotted manure to your garden beds in October to improve soil structure and fertility for the upcoming growing season.
  1. Question: Can I start a winter cover crop in October?
    • Answer: Yes, October is an excellent time to sow winter cover crops like crimson clover or winter rye. These cover crops protect the soil and add organic matter for spring planting.


In conclusion, October marks the twilight of the gardening and allotment season, inviting practitioners to bid farewell to the vibrancy of summer and usher in the calm of autumn. This month is a pivotal time for gardeners, as they complete the last harvests, prepare the garden for winter, and reflect on the successes and lessons of the growing season.

The tasks undertaken in October, from planting bulbs for spring blooms to protecting tender plants from early frosts, embody the thoughtful stewardship of the garden. As leaves transform into a riot of autumnal hues and the air carries a crispness, the garden becomes a canvas of seasonal beauty.

October prompts gardeners to consider the cyclical nature of their green sanctuaries and plan for the future. By cleaning up garden beds, composting, and applying amendments, individuals lay the groundwork for a resilient and fertile soil that will support future growth.

As the gardening year draws to a close, October serves as a reminder that every season in the garden has its unique charm and purpose. By approaching the tasks of this month with mindfulness and appreciation, individuals ensure that their gardens and allotments remain cherished spaces of inspiration and connection with the ever-changing cycles of nature.

Now you know all the October Garden Jobs and Allotment Tasks that need doing this Month in the allotment and the garden.

If you are looking at what to plant in the garden in September you can check out our list here. Find out what jobs need doing in November or check out all the other months here to stay ahead of yourself.

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